Barmer Unnati Project
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Cairn India Limited
Barmer Unnati Project
Skills & Livelihood
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The Agriculture and Natural Resource Management (Agri-NRM) interventions, known as “Barmer Unnati” project began in FY 2013 and have been continuing ever since. The project aims to increase the farmer’s income by the addressing the prevailing issues such as water scarcity, low level of soil nutrients, high soil alkalinity, low fertility, low water retention capacity and traditional methods of cultivation. The project was conceptualized to develop livelihood models and value chain interventions by introducing and promoting new crops and technologies in the region, through natural resource management. ‘Barmer Unnati’ harps upon the necessity of developing ownership of the project among the community and ensuring long term sustainability for the interventions.
Some of the key highlights of the project so far are -
* Project implemented across 145 villages, benefiting more than 4309 farmers.
* 1670 Wadi's developed, with ~ plantation of more than 1,00,000 sapling with support of drip irrigation. 1056 Khadin, 95 Roof water harvesting structures and 28 community Nadi have been developed, conserving more than ~15lac cubic meter of water.
* 56% farmers have been unable to take both crops round the year, due to improved soil fertility and water availability.
* Average income increase of INR 46,222 per farmer from orchards (wadi).
* 100 demonstrations units on the scientific way of de-composting of manure were set-up under Technology Demonstration in 18 villages, thus reduced the purchase of chemical fertilizers from market and is economically beneficial for 100 farmers
* More than 5,000 fruiting plants were planted across the 100 new wadi last year. Bumper production in ber (2,44,678 kg) and anaar (1,28,600 kg) observed, generating a revenue of INR 1,20,74,531.
* ~40 tones leaf bio-mass and ~50 tones fuel wood generated
* More than 80 .trainings have been conducted over the last few years, impacting 3000 + farmers in improving their technical knowledge for increasing crop productivity.
* Various allied livelihood activities created including 25 Back yard poultry, Kitchen garden,etc.
* The first batch of Cairn Agri fellows, who graduated in 2015, started their own enterprises including dairying, goat farming, and started working as field extension workers. Till date 50+ people have been trained as Cairn Agri fellows.
* For the first time, Broccoli production introduced to farmers and that has helped the famer to have approx. Rs. 23,300 as additional income
As a next step we indeed to scale up this initiative as “Barmer Unnati – Phase 2” across new geographies of Sanchor and Chitalwana block in addition to our existing blocks of Barmer, Baitu and Gudamalani, impacting close to 6,000 direct beneficiaries over next three years.
The agriculture and natural resources management programme will focus on promoting round the year agricultural productivity for livelihood generation, enhancing farmers' incomes, facilitate community institutionalization, develop capacity and transfer of knowledge on technology, government schemes as well as create two water positive Gram Panchayat (GP).
- To increase the agriculture productivity in the area through introduction of technology and scientific agriculture and soil health management practices.
- To facilitate horticulture practices and other related allied activities as a means of livelihood and effective utilization of unproductive land.
- To develop two water positive Gram Panchayat annually, in addition to scaling up of natural resource management process (creating of Nadi/khadin) across villages.
- To carry out capacity building trainings for farmer community on scientific farming practices, biodiversity conservation, farm based skill development, financial management, crop management, and value additional modules post-harvest.
- Facilitate Institutionalization of community based processes for Farm management, input management, post production value addition and Farmer Producer Company (FPC) for enhanced market linkage.
- To focus on promoting organic farming through establishment of bio-gas units in the villages.
- To promote organic framing through scientific agriculture crop nutrient and farm management practices.